I don't see anywhere else to put this on this forum, so I'm gonna put this here.
Basically, whenever you're judged by the tribunal, it should let you know. Currently you only know if your account has been punished because you can't log in, but I think people should know their own tribunal report.
First: There would be a new panel in your profile, accessible only by you (much like champions owned), which has a list of every case the tribunal has made against you. In that case file you are told:
1) The number of judges that voted for and against you.
2) The number of times you were reported, and for what.
3) The number of games you were reported on in the case.
4) Any comments the judges wish to leave about your case. Comments are anonymous.
#4 is the most important part. By leaving comments, judges can instruct the player how they can avoid being sent to the tribunal again, or warn them about their behavior that could have or did give them a punish vote.
Second: Whenever you are judged, you are told on login, much like the notification for when you level up and get a new place for masteries and runes.
Additionally (and optionally) if you are deemed innocent:
1) The names of the judges that gave you a pardon, but not those that punished you are displayed unless the judge wishes to judge anonymously. This is so you can give them a thank you.
2) Comments made by pardoning judges may display their names, again, if the judge chooses so.
A couple of threads you might be interested in:
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